Nutrient adequacy and Mediterranean Diet in Spanish school children and adolescents.

Fecha de publicación



adolescent, children, Food consumption, Introduction, Mediterranean diet, Nutrient intake, Nutrition survey, Spain y The


To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet. Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions. A random sample of 3166 people aged 6-24 y. Home interviews conducted by a team of 43 dietitians included 24-h recalls (a second 24-h recall in 25% of the sample) and a short frequency questionnaire to determine the quality of the Mediterranean Diet (KIDMED). The participation rate was 68%. In general, the adequacy of the Mediterranean Diet rose with increased mean intakes of the majority of vitamins and minerals and decreased percentages of inadequate intakes (&<2/3 of the RNI) for calcium, magnesium, vitamin B(6) and C in both sexes, and iron and vitamin A only in females. This study demonstrates that the Mediterranean Diet contributes to nutritional quality, and also shows concomitant risks as the Mediterranean Diet deteriorates.


Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1():S35-9. doi: . Epub .